University of Colorado at Boulder
Peace and Conflict Studies/INVST
Facilitating Peaceful Community Change, PACS 3302
Fall 1994, Wed. 3:00-5:30
126 Willard, 492-2162
The aim of this course is to provide knowledge and skills that will enable you to become more effective organizers/facilitators of community efforts toward social change. We will focus on the processes of community building and fostering participatory democracy. The course has been designed based on the assumption that learning occurs in a variety of ways including through direct experience, reflection upon that experience, theory and application of theory, and active experimentation. An effort will be made to provide a variety of learning experiences, and most classes will include cooperative learning activities. The course is more or less divided into three parts. In the first part the focus will be on better understanding your own cognitive maps and culture, and on how these might effect your observations, thinking, feeling, understanding, etc, and on gaining a more multicultural perspective. My assumption is that as a social change agent it is essential that you know yourself first, and that you have some insight into your own cultural baggage. In the second part we will focus on understanding how groups, communities, organizations develop and function effectively, and on some of the key interpersonal understanding and skills needed by organizers for social change. In addition, you will be asked to look at yourself as a group member and leader, and you will begin to identify your strengths and limitations as a group participant. In the final part of the course we will look more closely at the process of social change by examining theory about how change takes place and analyzing case studies of social change efforts.
1. Attendance. Attendance is essential in the course and is
part of the course requirement. Over half of the learning experiences will involve participation in cooperative and experiential learning processes that take place during class. Part of the grade is based on preparation for and participation in classroom activities that cannot be made up.
2. Cooperation and experiential learning. In most class
there will be cooperative and/or experiential learning processes which will include focused small group discussions, teaching each other about reading materials and key concepts, team teaching/teach-ins, collaborative small group projects, and structured exercises designed to teach and elaborate concepts and build skills. Your participation in, and reflection upon the learning outcomes is an essential part of the course. Small group work will provide a source of data about groups and the opportunity to develop observational and analytical skills.
3. Preparation for Class. At the end of each class you will
receive a handout to help prepare for the following class which may include a written assignment. It is essential to read before coming to class as there will often be classroom assignments that depend upon the readings.
4. Written Assignments. There are a total of 7 written
assignments, 3 synthesis papers (maximum of 7 pages) and 4 short assignments (see course outline for due dates). Detailed explanations of these assignments will be handed out. None of them will require any additional reading or research. You have the option to rewrite any paper in order to improve your grade. I encourage you to read each others papers and give each other feedback using the criteria that will be provided before handing your synthesis papers in. Synthesis papers. To prepare for writing the synthesis papers I would highly recommend that you maintain an ongoing dialogue with the assigned readings in which you discuss your reflections upon and reactions to the readings, make connections and distinctions between readings and between concepts and points of view, and apply concepts to your own experience, particularly your experiences in your service learning projects. The final paper will emphasize the application of what you are reading to your service projects.
5. Readings. The 3 assigned books, Habits of the Heart, Heart
Politics and The Primal Mind are available in the bookstore. All other assigned readings are available in packets from me which you can borrow and xerox, and will be available on reserve. Some of the readings are designed as "recommended" on the course outline. This was done in an effort to cut down on the amount of required readings while still making some excellent readings available to you.
Your grade will be determined primarily by the quality of your written work, but your preparation for and participation in class, and your attendance will also be considered. If you miss more than one class your grade will be lowered by one step. You will be asked to evaluate yourself in terms of preparation, participation and written work.
A self evaluation of yourself as a learner in the class and of how well you are meeting your own goals for the class will be required midway and at the end of the course and will be considered in your grade. I will want to meet with each of you at least once during the semester to discuss your progress in the course including your self evaluation.
To earn an A in the class:
Excellent written work: comprehensive, for example, engaging deeply with the breadth of readings; demonstrating depth of understanding of the reading materials; creative synthesis of course materials and experiences; demonstrating the development of your thinking as it is being influenced by the course material; being able to apply learning to social change work and life experiences. Full participation in classroom activities: well prepared for classroom work; reflecting deeply about the meaning and impact of classroom activities; actively contributing to classroom discussions; engaging fully with issues of diversity and cultural bias. (required reading)
8/24 Introduction to the course
8/31 Cognitive maps, assumptive world, culture: The dominant
cultural paradigm Readings Books Bellah: Preface; CH 1 The pursuit of happiness; Ch 2 Culture and character; Ch3 Finding oneself Peavey: Ch 10-The power of context Xerox Goleman: Introduction pp 15-25; Questions that can't be asked pp 224-230; The flow of information in a free society pp 231-234 Recommended Lusting in Samover & Porter: Value differences in intercultural communication **Assignment Due: Personal reflections on cultural influences
9/7 Cognitive Maps, Culture cont'd: Alternative paradigms and
cultural imperialism Readings Books Highwater: Ch1 The intellectual savage; Ch2 A Savage looks at civilization; Ch3 Image Xerox Andzaldua: La consciencia de la mestiza. Sivaraska: Ch1 The religion of consumerism p 3-9; Ch3 The "Think-Big" strategy of development, p24-34. Recommended Friere: Ch7 Cultural Action and consientization Vizenor: Senator Mondale at Rough Rock.
9/14 Listening, Problem solving, Consensus:
Listening as foundational and as social change strategy Readings Books Peavey: Ch6 American willing to listen Xerox Lugones: Playfulness and world traveling. Pogrebin: Our enemies ourselves Spradley: Step Four, Making descriptive observations; Step Two, Interviewing an informant. Recommended Beebe: Ch5 Improving Group Climate
9/21 Multicultural Issues: Domination and Oppression
Readings Xerox McIntosh: White privilege and male privilege. Elliot: Racism, ideology and class in America Sampson: Identity politics Yamato: Something about the subject makes it hard to name. **Assignment Due: Multicultural awareness
9/28 Multicultural Issues: Domination and Oppression(cont'd)
Readings Xerox Kagiwade: The killing of Thong Hy Huynh Spender: Ch6. The politics of naming. Recommended Anzaldua: En rapport in opposition. Minnich: From the circle of the elite to the world of the whole: Education, equality and excellence. **Assignment Due: Synthesis Paper
Readings Xerox Peck: Ch7 Community Maintenance Smith & Berg: Ch7 Paradoxes of speaking; Ch10 Cycles of group movement & stuckness Recommended Starhawk: Dreaming the Dark: Ch6 Building Community:Processes for groups
10/12 Community and Community Building: What Prevents and What
Fosters Community Readings Books Bellah: Ch6 Individualism; Highwater: Ch8 Identity Peavey: Ch3 Connection in action: The international hotel Xerox Lerner: Ch 9 Creation of the isolated individual Recommended Bellah: Ch10 The natural society Hooks & West: Breaking Bread: Ch6 Dialogue between Bell Hooks and Cornell West.
10/20 Community and Community Building cont'd: What Prevents and
What Fosters Community Readings Books Bellah: Ch11 Transforming American Culture Xerox Hooks: Yearning: Ch4 The Chitlin circuit; Ch5 Homeplace a site of resistance Lappe & DuBois: Living democracy Macy: The greening of the self Recommended Moore: Communities of conversation Some: Ritual and community **Assignment Due: Dominant cultural images
10/26 Conflict and Anger
Readings Books Peavey: Ch11 Us and them Xerox Deming: On anger Lorde: The uses of anger Mindell: Ch8 The practice of conflict resolution O'Neill: Ch6 Reducing conflict among community groups Recommended Gill: War and reconciliation 11/2 Power/Empowerment Readings Xerox Lerner: Ch1 Powerlessness corrupts, Ch3 The organization of work O'Neill: Ch7 Organizing disadvantaged groups Starhawk: Truth or Dare: Ch1 Truth or Dare Recommended Atlee & Atlee: Democracy: A social power analysis. Parenti: Power and Powerless: Ch1 What we mean by power
Readings Books Peavey: Ch4 A sense of place: 6th St. Park Xerox Ecklein: Introduction, pp 1-9; Ch2, La causa and la huelga, pp15-28; Chavez was right, pp 29-33 Green, Rayna. American Indian Women: Diverse Leadership for social change. Snitow: Holding the line at Greenham Recommended Mindell: Ch4 Field Interviews Starhawk: Truth or Dare; Ch 10-Toward community: Structure and Leadership **Assignment Due: Synthesis Paper
11/17 Change, How does it take place
Readings Books Peavey: Ch 12 Obstacles to change; Ch 13 Tales of change Xerox Hempel: Letter to Audre Spretnak: States of Grace: Ch 1 Saving Grace Starhawk: Truth or Dare: Ch12 Resistance and renewal Sunday
11/20 Change: How does it take place cont'd
Readings Books Peavy: Ch7 Would you do this to your mother? Xerox Hooks: Yearning: Ch15 Choosing the margin as a space of radical openness. Kamliot: El Salvador exports a dental revolution Light: Healing their wounds: Guatemalan refugee women as political activists **Assignment Due: Participation observation
11/30 Building Alliances, Solidarity Work
Readings Xerox Alpherin: Social Diversity and the necessity of alliances Dager: Can do gooders really do good? Illich: To hell with good intentions Reagon: Coalition politics
Readings Xerox Altee: Transformational politics Bellah (1991) The Good Society: Conclusion Democracy means paying attention, pp254-286 Hooks: Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center Ch 12 Development through struggle Sivaraksa: Ch5 Development as if people mattered, Recommended Sivaraksa: Ch11 A Buddhist model of society, p102-116 **Assignment Due: Final Paper
REQUIRED READING CPST 3302
Facilitating Peaceful Community Change
Alperin, Davida J. Social diversity and the necessity of alliances:A developing feminist
perspective. In Lisa Albrecht & Rose M. Brewer (Ed.). Bridges of Power: Women's Multicultural Alliances. Philadephia, PA: New Society Pubs, 199990, 23-33. Anzaldua, Gloria. La conciencia de la Mestiza: Toward a new consciousness. In Anzaldua, Gloria (Ed.). Making Face, Making Soul, Haciendo Caras. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Foundation, 1990, 377-389. Anzaldua, Gloria. En rapport, in opposition. In Anzaldua, Gloria (Ed.). Making Face, Making Soul, Haciendo Caras. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Foundation, 1990, pp 142-148.
Atlee, John & Atlee Tom. Transformational politics. Think Peace, 8, July 1992, pp. 2-7. Beebe, Steven A., and John T. Masterson. Ch. 5, Improving group climate. In
Communicating In Small Groups: Principles and Practices. 2nd Ed. Clenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, 1986, 81-104. **Bellah, Robert N., Madsen, Richard, Sullivan, William M.,Swidler, Ann and Tipton, Steven M. Habits of the Heart. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1985. Preface & Ch1 The Pursuit of Happiness; Ch2 Culture and Character; Ch3 Finding Oneself; Ch6 Individualism; Ch10 The National Society; Ch11 Transforming American Culture. Bellah, Robert N., Madsen, Richard, Sullivan, William M., Swidler, Ann and Tipton, Steven M.(1991). Conclusion: Democracy means paying attention. In The Good Scoiety. NY: Vintage Random House, 254-286.
Dager, Tony. Can do gooders really do good? Links,*, Summer 1991, 12-13. Deming, Barbara. On Anger. In We Are All part of One Another, Philadephia, PA: New
Society 1984. pp. 207-217.
Ecklein, Joan. Community Organizers. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1984, Ch1
Introduction, pp. 1-10; Ch2 La causa & la huelga, pp. 15-28; Chavez was right, pp. 29-33. Elliot,Jan. Racism, ideology, and class in America: The 1% solution. Peace & Freedom, 52, #4, July-Aug, 1992, pp. 10-14. Freire, Paulo. Ch7 Cultural action and conscientization. In the Politics of Education. NY: Bergin & Garvey, 1985, 67-75.
Gill, Gary. War and reconciliation. The Mindfulness Bell. Goleman, Daniel. Vital Lies and Simple Truths. NY: Simong & Schuster, 1985, Intro, pp
15-25; Questions that can't be asked, pp. 224-230; The flow of information in a free society, pp. 231-234. Green, Rayna. American Indian Women: Diverse leadership for social change. In Lisa Albrecht & Rose M. Brewer (Ed.). Bridges of Power: Women's Multicultural Alliance. Philadephia, PA: New Society Pubs, 1990-94, p.5. Hemphill, Essex. Letter to Audre Lorde. Standards: An International Journal of Multicultural Studies, 4, no. 1, 1993-94,p.5. **Highwater, Jamake. The Primal Mind. NY: Harper & Row, 1981. ch1 The intellectual savage; Ch2 A savage looks at civilization; Ch3 Image; Ch8 Identity. Hooks, Bell. Ch12 Revolution: Development through struggle. In Feminist Theroy: From Margin to Center. Boston, MA: South End Press, 1984, 157-163. Hooks, Bell. Yearning. Boston, MA: South End Press, 1990. Ch4 Chitlin circuit; Ch5 Homeplace a site of resistance: Ch15 Choosing the margin as a space of radical openness. Hooks, Bell & West, Cornell. Ch6 Dialogue between Bell Hooks & Cornell West. In Breaking Bread: Insurgent Black Intellectual Life. Boston, MA: South End Press, 1991, 93-110. Illich, Ivan. To hell with good intentions. Address delivered at the conference on Inter- American Student Projects in Cuernavaca, Mexico, 1968. Kagiwada, George. The killing of Thong Hy Huynh: Implications of a Rashomon perspective. Frontiers of Asian American Studies.
Kamliot, Natan. El Slvador exports a dental revolution. Links, 8, Summer 1991, 14-18. Lappe, Fraces Moore & Du Bois, Paul Martin. Living democracy. Think Peace, 8, July
1992, pp. 2-7.
Lerner, Michael. Surplus Powerlessness. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press
International, 1991. Ch1 Powerlessness corrupts, 2-19; ch3 The organization of work, 51-71; Ch9 the creation of the isolated individual, 188-206. Light, Deborah. Healing their wounds; Guatemalan refugee women as political activists. Women & Therapy, 13(3), 1992, 291-308. Lorde, Audre. The uses of anger: Women responding to racism. In Sister Outsider. Trumansberg, NY; The Crossing Press, 1984, 124-133. Lugones, Maria. 'World" traveling and loving perception. In Anzaldua, Goria (Ed.). Making Face, Making Soul, Haciendo Caras. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Foundation, 1990. pp. 390-401. Lustig, Myron W. Value differences in intercultural communication. In Samover, Larry A. & Porter, Richard E. (Ed.s). Intercultural Communication: A Reader, 5th edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub, 1988. pp 55-61. Macy, Joanna. Ch17 The greening of the self. In World As Lover, Workd As Self. Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press, 1991, pp. 183-192. McIntosh, Peggy. White privilege and male privilege: A personal account of coming to see correspondences through work in women studies. Working Paper #189. Wellesley, MA: Wellesley Center for Research on Women. Mindell, Arnold. The Leader as Martial Artist. NY: Harper Collins, 1992. ch4 Field interventions, 30-45; Ch8 The practice of conflict resolution, 83-96. Minnich, Elizabeth Kamarck. From the circle of the elite to the world of the whole: Education, equality and excellence. In Pearson, Shavlick and Touchton (Ed.). Education the Majority: Women Challenge Tradition in Higher Education. New York: Macmillan, 1989, 277-293. Moore, LeRoy. communities of Conversation: The North American Equivalent of base Communities. In: communities of Conversation and Action. Boulder, CO: Rocky Mountain Peace Center, 1988. O'Neill, Patrick, & Trickett, Edison J. Community Consultation. San Fransico, CA: Jossey- Bass, 1982, ch6 Reducing conflict among community groups, 189-215; Ch7 organizing disadvantaged groups, 216-253.
Parenti, Michael. Ch1 What we mean by power. In Power and the Powerless. NY: St.
Martins Press, 1978, 3-14.
**Peavey, Fran. Heart Politics. Philadelphia, PA.: New Society Pub, 1986. Whole book. Peck, Scott M. Ch7 Community maintenance. In The Different Drum: Community Making
and Peace. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1987, 136-165. Pogrebin, Letty C. Our enemies ourselves. Ms, July-Aug, 1991. pp77-81 Reagon, Bernice Johnson. Coalition politics: Turnig the century. In Smith, Barbara (Ed.).
Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology. NY: Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press, 1983. pp 356-368.
Sampson, Edward E. Identity politics. American Psychologist, 48, 1993, 1219-1230. Sivaraksa, Sulak. Seeds of Peace. Berkley, CA: Parallax Press, 1992. Ch1 The religion
of consumerism, 3-9; Ch3 The "Think-Big" strategy of development, 24-34; Ch5 Development as if it mattered, 44-54; Ch11 A buddhist model of society, 102-116. Smith, Kenwyn K. & Berg, David N. Paradoxes of Group Life. SF: Jossey Bass, 1987. Ch7 Paradoxes of speaking, 131-151; ch10 The cycles of group movement and stuckness, 207-230.
Snitow, Ann. Holding the line at Greenham. Mother Jones. Feb-March, 1985. pp30-47. Some, Malidoma Patrice. Ritual and community. In Ritual: Power, Healing & Community.
Portland, OR: Swan/Raven & Co., 1993, 65-72. Spender, Dale. Ch6 The politics of naming. In Man Made Language. NY: Routledge &
Kegan Paul, 1985, 163-190.
Spradley, James P. The Ethnographic Interview. Step 2, Interviewing an informant, 1979,
Spradley, James P. Participant Observation. Step 4, making descriptive observations,
Spretnak, Charlene. Ch1 Saving grace. In states of Grace. NY: Harper collins, 1991, 10-
Starhawk. Ch6 Building Community: Processes for groups. In Dreaming the Dark. Boston,
MA: Beacon Press, 1982, 92-113.
Starhawk. Truth or Dare. NY: Harper Collins, 1987. Ch1 Truth or Dare, 4-27; Ch10
Toward community: Structure and leadership, 256-288; ch12 Resistance and renewal, 312-340. Vizenor, Gerald. Senator Mondale at Rough Rock. In Vizernor, Gerald. crossbloods. Minneapolis, MN: U. of Minnesota Press, 1990. pp. 199-209. Yamoto, Gloria. Something about the subject makes it hard to name. In Anzaldua, Gloria (Ed.). Making Face, Making Soul, Haciendo Caras. SF: Aunt Lute Foundation, 1990. pp20-24.