University of Utah
Urban Planning 528/529
Community Planning Workshop I and 11,
Eugene E. Carr, Adjunct Professor
Winter and Spring quarters

A needed Sevice. For the first time the Workshop this academic year will be divided into two projects, rather the traditional single project. This is to allow greater participation by students, and also a response to more of the number of requests received for Workshop participation. The two projects for the 1996 class were requested by a public agency; the Salt Lake City Council, and a private non-profit organization, the Downtown Alliance, to assist them in their long-range planning. Both of the projects are focused upon the quality of residential life and sense of community in highly commercialized, urban districts in Salt Lake City-West Capitol Hill and the Central Business District

2. Exiperience relates to course subject matter. The students are majoring in urban planning, or related subjects, i.e., architecture, public administration, economics. Either of the two projects will offer excellent planning experience and interaction with elected officials, planners, and residents and users of the areas to be studied.

3. Method for students to think about the service experienceThe students are constantly evaluating information that they have gathered, sharing it with fellow students, and discussing its relevance. Research and field trips are punctuated by studio presentations.

4. Method to assess learning derived. There will be public presentations held in the study areas for review and evaluation by officials and residents. The class offers 5 credit hours per quarter. Grading is based upon teamwork, attitude, and the quality of written or graphic production.

S. Service recipients involvement in evaluation. The involvement in the study areas is always an important part of the Workshop. The extent and depth of involvement varies with each project, however. Citizens' groups and advocacy agencies will be sought out for student interaction and meaningful guidance.

6. Development of civic education, Planning students are preparing for a career in service to their community. The major emphasis of their total educational experience in the University of Utah Urban Planning Program is on the value of community, and the public interest, balanced with protection of individual property rights. Planners are trained to understand that a collection of competing individual interests doesn't necessarily add up to a satisfying community. The emergence of a concomitant pleasing community, in the American culture, requires effort and enlightened citizens.

7. Knowledge of the discipline informs the service experience. Many of our graduates identify the Workshop as perhaps the most informative and useful course in the program. It generally offers the closest exposure to their ultimate career. It is the instructor's hope that dividing the Workshop into two or three projects will offer the students a broader involvement and a greater sense of responsibility. Only the internship (or an outside job in a planning office) brings the student closer to real world experience prior to their graduation.

8. Learning from classmates and the instructor. The Workshop class is always divided into teams for research and production. The students are learning teamwork as well as information. It is assumed that the instructor is helpful also. Periodical classroom presentations assure teams are aware of the information or data that is being generated by other teams; sharing information and experiences is especially important.

The Program. The Community Planning Workshop is offered to provide students pursuing the degree in urban planning, as well as students from related disciplines, an opportunity to participate in the preparation of planning studies for an actual urban area or political jurisdiction. The Workshop allows the student the experience of working as part of a team to produce research, analysis, recommendations, and a final published report for the client community.

Participation. The two-quarter sequence is required of students pursuing the bachelor of planning degree. The Workshop (two-quarter sequence) is optional, but recommended, for students working for the Planning Certificate. Non-planning students are encouraged to take part in both quarters, but may be approved for one quarter participation, if appropriate.

THE 1995 PROJECT: Regional Growth and Development Analysis of Southwest Salt Lake County. Unincorporated Salt Lake County is currently experiencing turmoil over the issue of incorporation and annexation. Citizens groups in localized areas push for incorporation (generally in order to have closer control of their planning and zoning), they gather signatures to qualify for countyfunded feasibility studies (at substantial cost)-then, when the issue goes to a vote of the residents of the proposed area, the proposals are consistently defeated. There is still considerable fear and misunderstanding by residents of the unincorporated areas with regard to incorporation-and many of these people resist annexation to a municipality because they might lose their "historic identity." The most commonly expressed resistance to either incorporation or annexation is perception that property taxes will increase.

Much of Salt Lake County grew very rapidly beyond municipal boundaries, and the county government responded by growing to provide services rather than encouraging annexation to existing municipalities, or incorporation. Now the county is fearful of losing turf and having to reduce its work force. County government was never conceived as a function for to providing municipal services. Over the past 20 to 25 years, there have been several elaborate proposals for consolidating county governments, or incorporating all of the presently unincorporated area into one big municipality. All of these have either been defeated at the ballot box, or lost support before they progressed that far.

The 1995 Workshop Project was conceived as a regional-scale study to help resolve the troublesome issues that have inhibited rational county-wide planning. Confining the study to southwest Salt Lake County was a recommendation of the County Commission and the County Planning Director. A focus on this part of the county will keep the study within a scale that can be accomplished in the limited six month two-quarter period. Hopefully, the project will identify issues and make recommendations that will apply generally to other portions of the county.

The client for the study will be the Salt Lake County Council of Governments, Ed Blaney, staff coordinator. The planning directors of the participating cities (West Jordan, South Jordan, Riverton, Bluffdale and Draper), and Salt Lake County, will constitute a review committee and basic support group.

CONDUCT OF THE WORKSHOP Community Planning Workshop I - Winter Quarter. The quarter's work will begin with the class members selecting a research assignment and organizing into teams for the quarters research effort. It will be essential that the study objectives for each team, and individual members, are clear and focused as early as possible. Students will work both in the studio and in the field, wherever their research objectives may take them. Periodical discussions and presentations will be held in the studio (attendance mandatory) to allow each team to report on progress, and to allow each student to become aware of information and insights developed by classmates.

A student coordination team will be appointed early in the quarter to assist the instructor with monitoring the research efforts and with general project management. Other special support assignments will be made for participation in report preparation and production. Resource persons will be invited to speak to the class during these class report sessions. Near the end of the quarter, the class will present a summary of research data to representatives of the client commiunities and any other interested person as the client may desire.

Grading. The final product of the Winter Quarter will be written reports, research data, graphics or maps, as appropriate for each research team. Final reports must be submitted in hard copy as well as on a computer disk, as specified by the editing team. The final grade for Winter Quarter will be based upon an evaluation of the final reports and class participation.-

Winter Quarter: Major Events Appointment of the research and support teams. Initial meetings with client resource persons for development of project goals and objectives. Assignment of research teams-each team prepares an outline of its work program. Data-gathering and research. Analysis and synthesis of research data Preparation and presentation of team or individual research summaries. Research reports submitted for quarter-end evaluation.

Community Planning Workshop 11 - Spring Quarter. The second quarter of the Workshop will be devoted to the application of information gathered and knowledge gained during Winter Quarter. The first few weeks will focus upon the development of conclusions and the organization of supporting data. Later in the quarter, the Workshop will present preliminary conclusions and concepts to the client communities. Comments and suggestions gained from the presentation will be incorporated into the final report.

Grading. The final text, graphics and maps will be printed and copies presented to the client and to the students. The grade for Spring Quarter will be based upon a evaluation of each student's final work product, contribution to the class effort, and attitude. The coordination team will be consulted for the final evaluation.

Spring Quarter: Major Events Re-assignment of teams, as necessary, for final report production. Development of recommendations and proposed policies for the study area. Presentation of preliminary reports to the client communities. Decision as to format for the final report. Preparation of the final text and graphics. Preparations for publication. Presentation of the final report to the client communities (and other groups, as may be requested).

FINAL PRODUCT A final bound report is produced by the Workshop. The report will be well organized and will include well-documented research information, with graphs, charts, maps, etc., and recommended policies and implementation strategies. Following an introduction, the report will provide a brief executive summary of the findings and recommendations. Work submitted to the editing team must be on a disk (in pre-arranged word processing or graphics program) in as polished a format as possible, with grammar and spelling checked, Submittal deadlines must be respected to assure adequate time for review and editing. Quality control will be essential. This years report will likely be read, and quoted, very widely.

Study Outline:

Regional growth and develoment analysis of southwest Salt Lake County

STUDY AREA: Southwest Salt Lake County, roughly from 9000 South in West Jordan to the south border of Bluffdale, from the Oquirrh Mountains to Interstate-15, including the west area Draper. Local jurisdictions to be involved are the cities of West Jordan, South Jordan, River to Bluffdale, Draper, some possible interaction with Sandy, and unincorporated Salt Lake County.

RESEARCH ELEMENTS

  1. Collection and Preparation of Maps of Entire Study Area. I . Base map showing property lines, municipal boundaries, et
  2. Topography, soil conditions, prime agricultural land, and other environmental characteristics.
  3. Special service district boundaries.
  4. Current land use --all jurisdictions.
  5. School attendance areas.
  6. Current utility lines and resources.
  7. Historic Research 1 . Development patterns.
  8. Original communities, names, locations.
  9. Remaining landmarks and historic structures.
  10. Statistical and Demographic Profiles of Local Jurisdictions-Opinion Surveys
1        . Current population estimate, growth rates.
2.       Family size, ages
3.       Average income, location of employment.
4.       Survey of local planning commissioners and officials re

local policies interaction with other communities.

D. Growth and Social Patterns, Population Projections and Holding Capacities
I . Study area to be divided into grid for tracing current and projected growth.
2. Current populations projections for Salt Lake County and municipailities

3.       Residential holding capacity analysis.
4.       Current development projects, plans and prospects.
5.       Jordan School District Locator Data and growth projections.

E.       Review of General Plans and Policies of the Various 
Jurisdictions within the Study Area.
I .      Current and past general plans.  Review of local growth 
policies,
         proposals for commercial centers, industrial centers, 
educational centers, public facilities,
         residential development, open space.
2.       Community Councils within the unincorporated areas-activity 
and effectiveness.
3.       Current zoning ordinances (with maps).
4.       Annexation Policy Declarations for all jurisdictions.
5.       Inter-local Agreements currently in operation.

F Environmental Analysis
1 . Review and map potential for natural hazards throughout the study (seismicity, liquefaction,

         high ground water, flood, slope failure,
2.       Soil conditions-location and quality of agricultural land 
and current uses.
3.       Designated wetlands and floodplains.  FEMA Flood Maps
4.       Micro-climate, air quality data.

G.       Economic Base Analysis of Study Area-Compare with Total 
County
1        . Sale and property tax bases and characteristics of local 
jurisdictions.
2.       Economic profile of populations of local Jurisdictions.
3.       Commercial development regional market reach of local 

centers.
4. Employment centers, industrial development. 5. Comparative real estate values/current demand.

H.       Transportation Facilities, Plans and Projections.
1        Current functional classifications of all Jurisdictions.
2.       Trends in average daily trip volumes and accidents.
3.       Plans for future road improvements and modal alternatives 
--Bangerter Highway, 5600 West,
         Interstate-15, modal alternatives.
4.       Review of local land use goals and policies that influence 

growth patterns.

I. Functioning Service Utilities and Facilities and Potential for Future Development
1 . Water sources and availability.

2.       Sewage disposal and treatment.
3.       Storm water disposal
4.       Recycling programs and facilities.
5.       Recent activities and plans of public utilities, districts.

J.       Open Space, Trails and Recreation Facilities and Potential 
for Future Development
1I       . Jordan River Parkway Progress and Proposals
2.       County Trails Master Plan.

K.       Visual Quality and Urban Design Analysis.
1        . Field survey of study area with mapping of major visual 
assets and liabilities.
2.       Analysis of each municipality or unincorporated community 
with evaluation of 
         "sense of place" and community characteristics.

II. URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND LAND USE ISSUES ALTERNATIVE FUTURES

This is a tentative list of issues that may be addressed in the final recommendations. The list will likely be modified or added to as the research is undertaken and interaction with the communities reveals additional issues.

  1. REGIONAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

1 . Evaluation of local and use policies and practices; recommendations for improved compatibility.

2. Identification of social patterns and natural community structure as guides for future growth.

3. Mapping and evaluation of potential growth areas.

B.         ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS
1.      Recommendations for sensitive lands, natural and man-made hazards
2.       Potential for the preservation of existing agricultural use.
C.       COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
1 .      Identification of regional centers and their market 
areas-distribution of economic base
2.       Implications for annexation or incorporation of currently 

unincorporated lands.

D.       TRANSPORTATION AND HIGHWAY DEVELOPMENT
1        . Description of commuting and circulation patterns, and 
projections for the future.
2.       Recommendations for transportation demand management-local 
policies to achieve improved
         traffic efficiency and reduce dependence upon the 

automobile.

E.       PUBLIC SERVICES
1        . Location and adequacy of resources and services for future 
growth projections.
2.       Cost/benefit analysis.
F.       ANNEXATION AND INCORPORATION
1 .      Potential for wall-to-wall cities; recommendations for 
annexation to existing jurisdictions, or
         incorporation.
2.       Alternative solutions with estimate of cost and tax 
implications.
         3.   Quality of current regional coordination; 

recommendations for improvement.

PAST WORKSHOP PROJECTS AND AWARDS The Community Planning Workshop (originally known as the Planning Practicum), has been offered since the late 1960s. Past projects have involved a wide variety of Utah communities. The following is a list of the Workshop projects of recent years:

1994 - A General Plan for a Sustainable Community for Grantsville, Utah (Received a special award from the City of Grantsville).

1993 - Jordanelle Dam Regional Impact Study

1992 - Davis County Land Development Policy Studies

1991 - City Creek Park Design Study (Salt Lake City) - Received Utah APA Student Project Award, parts of the plan concept are being implemented.

1990 - Plan for East Campus of the University of Utah (Anticipating assumption of Fort Douglas properties.) Report was used extensively by the University Fort Douglas Committee.

1989 - Plan for West Sandy City and Civic Center.- Received Utah APA Student Project Award

                                        Date: Thu, 28 Dec 1995 12:14:29 MST
                                        From: Renee Buchanan <RBUCHAN@ssb1.saff.utah.edu>